Climax Components  1.....2

Geared Steam Locomotive Works

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Boilers: 

class-a-vertical-t.jpg (3850 bytes)

Coutesy - Ed Vasser's The Climax Locomotive Web Site.

class-a-t2.jpg (4407 bytes)

"Catalog of the Climax Patent Geared Locomotive"

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"Catalog of the Climax Patent Geared Locomotive"

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"Catalog of the Climax Patent Geared Locomotive"

Vertical

Tee

Straight

Wagon Top

Four boiler styles or models were manufactured.    They are listed below in the order in which they were manufactured, with the Vertical being  the first type.   

Vertical or Upright

As the name implies, these boilers stood upright. These were very similar if not identical to the vertical boilers used on steam "donkey" engines used in the logging industry at the time. Although I have no proof, I would venture a guess these boilers were selected because they were available and proven to work.

They were of a straight cylinder type with a taper at the top end where the smoke stack exited. The bottom of the boiler rested on the flooring or special reinforced framing just below the floor level of the locomotive frame. The firebox was slightly above the bottom of the unit and positioned facing the fuel storage bin or box, so it could be fired in practical manner.

These were used exclusively in the earlier  Class "A" units whose frame resembled a flatcar. As noted below, some Class "A' units were built using the "tee" boiler.   This boiler style was phased out sometime between 1895-96.  With the replacement being the "tee" style.

Tee

The "tee" boilers resembled a capital letter  T    laying on its side. The horizontal portion or "leg" of the boiler extended horizontally to the front end of the locomotive frame with the smoke stack exiting vertically from the front portion of this end of the boiler. The top part of the "tee", or the vertical portion of the boiler was located in or near the center section of the locomotive frame. The bottom part of this section extended below the floor level of the locomotive frame. The firebox was located in this part of the "tee" and above floor level. A sand dome was placed on top of the horizontal "leg" of the boiler between the smoke stack and the "tee" part of the unit.

Note in the image above how large in diameter the vertical or "tee" top portion is and how it high it rises from the where it joins to the horizontal portion of the boiler. The lower part extends just as far down below the base of this connection.

These were typically used in the  Class "A" units. It is with this boiler style that the Climax began to somewhat resemble a conventional steam locomotive.  As mentioned above, this style was phased in sometime between 1895-96.  This change also required the lengthening of the locomotive frame and added more weight to the entire superstructure.

Straight

The straight was a straight cylinder or tube type boiler mounted in a horizontal position along the front part of the locomotive frame.    Like the "tee" boiler, the smoke stack was mounted toward the front end of the boiler.   

Wagon-Top

The wagon-top started out at the front of the locomotive as a straight type boiler.   Then, proceeding back toward the cab, at some point it started a gradual flare or taper outwards a few degrees.  This taper continued into the cab, which was modified somewhat to accomodate the enlarged boiler.  The primary advantage of this style of boiler over the straight boiler was  it kept more water over the boiler's "crown sheet" on grades.   Where as any attempt at enlarging


Drivers  - Tires and Flanges                         

concave-t.jpg (3361 bytes)

cleated-t.jpg (5615 bytes)

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Concave

Cleated

Flanged

 

Three types of drivers (driving wheels) were used in the manufacture of the Climax locomotive:

Concave or Double Flanged

The concave shaped metal wheels had flanges on both the outside and inside of the wheel itself.  They were used on temporary logging "rail" roads where the rail consisted of two rows of full length tree logs (with the limbs removed)  laid end to end for the entire lengh of the railroad.  The concave wheels   "straddled" and thus rode atop the logs, following the direction in which they were laid.  

Cleated

The metal cleated wheels were designed for temporary logging "rail" roads where the "rail" was long square lengths of wood positioned end to end and usually nailed to a stable surface such as logs laid end to end.

Standard Flanged  

The flanged wheels were the type most often associated with locomotive  wheels or drivers.   They were metal wheels with a flange or lip an inch or more deep that ran along the inside (toward the axle) of the wheel.   They were used on the metal rails  most commonly associated with railroads.   The flange forced the wheel to follow the curvature or straightness of the track while also preventing the wheel from "riding" up and jumping over the top of the rail.    These were by far the most commonly ordered and used type of driving wheel for these locomotives.


Steam Cylinders - Positioning - Positioning

vert-cyl_t.jpg (9359 bytes)

"Catalog of the Climax Patent Geared Locomotive"

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Walt Casler Col. - The Willamette Locomotive

courtesy Oso Publishing

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Bachmann Climax Model

Vertical

Horizontal

Inclined

 

All Climax locomotives were manufactured with a maximum of two steam cylinders.

Three physical arrangements of the pair of cylinders were manufactured :

Vertical
 
This arrangement was used exclusively in the Class - A group of locomotives manufactured. In this arrangement both cylinders were positioned vertically and located near the the center of the crew cab, between the boiler at front and the water tank at rear. Unlike the other two arrangements, the two cylinders were physically side by side.
 
This arrangement was first cylinder arrangement manufactured by Climax.
 
The vertical arrangement was also shared by the Shay and Dunkirk (Class - A) geared steam locomotives. The Dunkirk - Class "A" cylinders were almost identical in their cab location to that of the Climax. The cylinders of the Shay, however, were located together but on the right side of the boiler.
 
Horizontal
 
In this arrangement, both were positioned horizontally, with one on either side and just below the front part of the boiler. The actual location was just above the center of the front truck and just below the boiler.
 
This arrangement was the 2nd cylinder arrangement manufactured by Climax. This stage of design and manufacture was the beginning of the Class - B group. The later and most prevalent units of the "B" class had the inclined cylinder arrangement.


This arrangement was probably the least prevalent produced by the company with total production being estimated at less than 5.


Inclined
 
The inclined arrangement positioned the cylinders at an inclined angle from horizontal. In this position, they were still located, one on either side of the boiler, but were moved back from the center of the front truck and well above it's rear-most wheel set, straddling the boiler.
 
This arrangement was used on the largest quantity of Class - B units and on all Class - C units produced.

Page 2 of Climax Components

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Page changed: Monday August 01, 2005 09:21:20 PM