Climax Geared Steam Locomotives
Geared Steam Locomotive Works ©
Animated Climaxes courtesy of Rick Henderson's PC-Rails
The basic Climax consisted of 2 steam cylinders whose piston rods came out of the cylinders and attached to a transmission located under the center part of the engine frame. Connected to front and rear of the transmission were drive shafts which ran along the center line of the engine below the boiler, cab, and fuel bunker. The drive shafts were connected to gear boxes in each truck. These gear boxes, unlike those of the Heisler, supplied power directly to both wheel sets in each truck.
- 2 vertical cylinders, 4 wheel, vertical boiler.
|Class "A" - 2 vertical cylinders, 2 truck, vertical boiler|
|Class "A" - 2
vertical cylinders, 2 trucks, horizontal "tee" boiler
The boiler was positioned vertically or horizontally(tee style). Two speed gearbox. Frame similar to a flat car with a shed or awning built up over the frame to protect the engineer from the elements. The two steam cylinders were vertically positioned in the covering super-structure. They were manufactured in weights below 22 tons.
|Class "B" - 2 inclined
cylinders, 2 trucks, horizontal "straight" boiler
Horizontal boiler. The cylinders on a few of the early units in this class were mounted horizontally above the center of the front truck and just below the horizontal center line of the boiler. However, the cylinders on vast majority of the units manufactured in this class were mounted on a 30-45 degree incline (from horizontal) above the rear wheel set of the front truck. They were manufactured in weights from 17 - 60 tons.
|Class "C" - 2 inclined
cylinders, 3 truck, horizontal "wagon top" boiler
Horizontal boiler. With cylinders outside and inclined. They were manufactured in weights from 50 - 100 tons.
- First manufactured by Climax Manufacturing Company and subsequently by Climax Locomotive Works both of which were located in Corry, Pennsylvania. A factory agency with shop was established in Seattle, Washington to sell and service the locomotives on the West Coast.
The largest quantity of locomotives ever under construction at any one time at the the Corry facility was 5.
- March 1888 - 1928 (40 years)
- Although some engines were exported (Australia, Canada, Mexico, New Zealand...), the vast majority were used from coast to coast in the United States (including Alaska and Hawaii). In the United States, more Climaxes were sold to companies in Washington state than any other.
1000-1100 were manufactured. The most manufactured in any one year was 50.
Sizes: See Classification above.
Fuels: Wood, coal, and oil.
- Charles Darwin Scott - Spartansburg, Pennsylvania - circa 1875 -1878
Patented by George D. Gilbert. Gilbert, who was a relative by marriage of Charles D. Scott, was a design engineer for the Climax Manufacturing Company and subsequently for the Dunkirk Engineering Company.
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This page changed: Friday March 29, 2019 08:11:57 PM